Remote items and shared folders

OneDrive supports adding a shared folder to a drive in order to make accessing content from a shared folder easier. When a shared folder is added to OneDrive, the folder appears in the root, and its contents are synchronized using the OneDrive sync client.

When enumerating a collection of items, shared folders appear as items with the remoteItem facet. This facet includes the information necessary to access the contents of the shared folder using the OneDrive API.

Add a shared folder to the user's drive

Before a shared folder can be added to the user's drive, the following requirements must be met:

  • The user has explicit permission to the shared folder, and isn't accessing the shared folder through a link.
  • Your app needs read/write access to the drive where the shared folder will be added.

Note: A shared folder can only be added to the root of a user's drive.

To add the shared folder to a drive, your app POSTs to the drive's root collection with the details of the shared folder in the remoteItem facet. For example:

POST /drive/root/children
Content-Type: application/json

{
  "name": "Team Documents",
  "remoteItem": {
      "id": "12345abcde!1221",
      "parentReference": { "driveId": "12345abcde" }
  }
}

Note: driveId and id are required.

If successful, the service responds with the complete details of the created remote item:

HTTP/1.1 201 Created
Content-Type: application/json

{
  "id": "98765432!12399",
  "name": "Team Documents",
  "remoteItem": {
    "id": "12345abcde!1221",
    "parentReference": {
      "driveId": "12345abcde"
    },
    "folder": { "childCount": 15 }
  },
  "lastModifiedDateTime": "2015-08-10T13:47:11Z",
  "createdDateTime": "2015-08-10T13:47:11Z",
}

Remove a shared folder from the user's drive

To remove a shared folder, simply DELETE the remote item:

DELETE /drive/items/{local-item-id}

This will return a 204 No Content if the shared folder was removed successfully. This does not delete the shared folder or items contained in the shared folder.

HTTP/1.1 204 No Content

Enumerate the contents of a shared folder

A remote item provides the information necessary to make a call to the actual item it represents. The remote item is a placeholder in the user's drive for that item, but cannot be accessed like an item in the user's drive. For example, requesting the children collection for a remote item will result in an error from the server.

In this example, consider the following remote item:

{
  "id": "98765432!12399",
  "name": "Team Documents",
  "remoteItem": {
    "id": "12345abcde!1221",
    "parentReference": {
      "driveId": "12345abcde"
    }
  },
  "lastModifiedDateTime": "2015-08-10T13:47:11Z",
  "createdDateTime": "2015-08-10T13:47:11Z"
}

To enumerate the contents of this shared folder, the remoteItem property is used to construct a request to the shared folder contained in the remote drive.

GET /drives/{drive-id}/items/{item-id}/children

This example returns the children of the shared folder, by calling into the parent drive of the shared folder.

HTTP/1.1 200 OK
Content-Type: application/json

{
  "value":
  [
    {
      "id": "12345abcde!9912",
      "name": "Team Roster.xlsx",
      "file": {  },
      "size": 90122
    }
  ]
}

Using Delta with remote items

When using delta in a drive with shared folders, the shared folder themselves will be returned as part of the response but the items contained within a shared folder will not be returned. A separate call to delta and separate cached delta token is required for each shared folder.

Moving items into a shared folder

The OneDrive API does not support moving or copying items into a shared folder. New items can be created in the folder by using the regular upload actions and targeting the remoteItem driveId and id.